12 Things You Should Know About the Battle of Tours



The Battle of Poitiers


12 Things You Should Know About the Battle of Tours
(1280 Years Later)

  • The Battle of Tours was fought on October 10, 732AD  between the Franks, led by Charles Martel, and the Arabs of the Umayyad Dynasty. It is sometimes called the Battle of Poitiers and The Battle of the Royal Palace of Martyrs by the Muslims.
  • Charles Martel got his name from later historians who drew parallels between the nickname Martellus ("The Hammer"), and Judas Maccabeus ("The Hammerer") of the Maccabean revolt
  • The Battle of Tours is commonly heralded as the decisive battle that held back the Muslim advancement across the former Western Roman Empire
  • The historian Edward Gibbons explained the significance of the Battle of Tours when he wrote: “A victorious line of march had been prolonged above a thousand miles from the rock of Gibraltar to the banks of the Loire; the repetition of an equal space would have carried the Saracens to the confines of Poland and the Highlands of Scotland; the Rhine is not more impassable than the Nile or Euphrates, and the Arabian fleet might have sailed without a naval combat into the mouth of the Thames. Perhaps the interpretation of the Koran would now be taught in the schools of Oxford, and her pulpits might demonstrate to a circumcised people the sanctity and truth of the revelation of Mahomet

  • Charles’s victory cemented the power of the Frankish Empire and the Carolingian Dynasty
  • The Carolingians also supported the work of St. Boniface, who had been under the protection of Charles Martel since 723AD
  • St. Boniface evangelized among the Carolingians and, after the Battle of Tours, set forth and successfully evangelized Germany
  • Charles Martel was the grandfather of Charlemagne
  • Charlemagne was crowned Imperator Romanorum ("Emperor of the Romans") in the year 800 on Christmas Day by Pope Leo III. He is considered the “Father of Europe”
  • The victory at Tours led to further successes against a reduced Arab military Charlemagne began the Spanish Reconquista during his reign and his victories formed a protective zone against Islam across the Pyrenees, preserving the Catholic Church in that area
  • Though Islam continued its clashes in Europe, the Islamic military forces did not become strong enough to attempt a full-fledged unified European invasion another for 700 years when they came across the Balkans
  • Most historians agree that without a victory at the Battle of Tours, there likely would have been no Charlemagne, no Holy Roman Empire, and no Papal States
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