7 January (Western Church); 15 October (Eastern Church)
Following the death of his wealthy parents, he gave away his possessions, and studied rhetoric, philosophy, and Scripture under Macarius at Edessa. Hermit briefly in his youth. Ordained in Antioch. Spiritual director of Saint Pelagia of Antioch.
Head of a school of theology in Antioch; one of his students was Arius, founder of Arianism. Friend of Paul of Samosata and other heretics, and may have been excommunited himself at one point, but later came back to full communion.
Noted Scripture scholar, working to insure that copyists made the most exact copies possible, correcting copyist errors by comparing against older texts in the original languages. His edition of the complete Bible, known as the Lucian Recension was used by many churches, and by Saint Jerome during his work on the Vulgate.
Arrested in Nicomedia during the persecution of Diocletian, and spent nine years in prison. Dragged before the emperor as an example, he struggled to his feet and gave a great defense of the faith. He thrown back in the cells, given no food or water for 14 days, then hauled before the tribunal and interrogated; he answered all questions with "I am a Christian." Martyr.
mid 3rd century at Samosata, Syria
tortured, starved, and run through with a sword in 312 at Nicomedia, Bithynia
buried at Drepanum (later renamed Helenopolis)