St. Giles

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 09/01

Patron Of: Against Breast Cancer, Against Fear of Night, Against Leprosy, Beggars, Against Epilepsy, Against Insanity, Against Mental Illness, Against Sterility, Blacksmiths, Cancer Patients, Disabled People, Epilepsy, Handicapped People, Hermits, Horses, Lepers, Mentally Ill People, Poor

Also known as

    1 September

    Born a wealthy noble. When his parents died, he used his fortune to help the poor. Miracle worker. To avoid followers and adulation, he left Greece c.683 for France where he lived as a hermit in a cave in the diocese of Nimes, a cave whose mouth was guarded by a thick thorn bush, and a lifestyle so impoverished that, legend says, God sent a hind to him to nourish him with her milk.

    One day after he had lived there for several years in meditation, a royal hunting party chased the hind into Giles' cave. One hunter shot an arrow into the thorn bush, hoping to hit the deer, but hit Giles in the leg instead, crippling him. The king sent doctors to care for saint's wound, and though Giles begged to be left alone, the king came often to see him.

    From this his fame as sage and miracle worker spread, and would-be followers gathered near the cave. The French king, because of his admiration, built the monastery of Saint Gilles du Gard for these followers, and Giles became its first abbot, establishing his own discipline there. A small town grew up around the monastery. Upon Giles' death, his grave became a shrine and place of pilgrimage; the monastery later became a Benedictine house.

    The combination of the town, monastery, shrine and pilgrims led to many handicapped beggars hoping for alms; this and Giles' insistence that he wished to live outside the walls of the city, and his own damaged leg, led to his patronage of beggars, and to cripples since begging was the only source of income for many. Hospitals and safe houses for the poor, crippled, and leprous were constructed in England and Scotland, and were built so cripples could reach them easily. On their passage to Tyburn for execution, convicts were allowed to stop at Saint Giles' Hospital where they were presented with a bowl of ale called Saint Giles' Bowl, "thereof to drink at their pleasure, as their last refreshing in this life." Once in Scotland during the seventeenth century his relics were stolen from a church and a great riot occurred.

    In Spain, shepherds consider Giles the protector of rams. It was formerly the custom to wash the rams and color their wool a bright shade on Giles' feast day, tie lighted candles to their horns, and bring the animals down the mountain paths to the chapels and churches to have them blessed. Among the Basques, the shepherds come down from the Pyrenees on 1 September, attired in full costume, sheepskin coats, staves, and crooks, to attend Mass with their best rams, an event that marks the beginning of autumn festivals, marked by processions and dancing in the fields. One of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.

    at Athens, Greece

    c.710-724 in France

    against breast cancer
    against epilepsy
    against fear of night
    against insanity
    against leprosy
    against mental illness
    against noctiphobia
    against sterility
    breast feeding
    cancer patients
    disabled people
    Edinburgh, Scotland
    handicapped people
    mentally ill people
    physically challenged people
    poor people
    spur makers
    Tolfa, Italy

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All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.


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