Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger
Cardinal Ratzinger wrote this book in response to the dialogue going on today concerning theology and the clarification of its methods, its mission and its limits which he thinks has become urgent. Ratzinger states: "To do theology-as the Magisterium understands theology-it is not sufficient merely to calculate how much religion can reasonably be expected of man and to utilize bits and pieces of the Christian tradition accordingly. Theology is born when the arbitrary judgment of reason encounters a limit, in that we discover something which we have not excogitated ourselves but which has been revealed to us. For this reason, not every religious theory has the right to label itself as Christian or Catholic theology simply because it wishes to do so; whoever would lay claim to this title is obligated to accept as meaningful the prior given which goes along with it."
Table of Contents:
Part One: Presuppositions and Bases of Theological Work
Faith, Philosophy and Theology
The Unity of Philosophy and Theology in Early Christianity
From Distinction to Opposition
Toward a New Relationship
A Concluding Observation: Gnosis, Philosophy and Theology
On the Essence of the Academy and Its Freedom
The Center: The Truth as the Basis and Measure of Freedom
Part Two: The Nature and Form of Theology
The Spiritual Basis and Ecclesial Identity of Theology
The New Subject as the Precondition and Foundation of All Theology
Conversion, Faith and Thought
The Ecclesial Character of Conversion and Its Consequences for Theology
Faith, Proclamation and Theology
The Temptation and Greatness of Theology
Pluralism as a Problem for Church and Theology
The Limit of the Church's Claim and the Plurality of Human Option
Pluralism within the Church
a. The universal Church and the particular churches
b. Theology and theologies
Part Three: Applications
On the "Instruction concerning the Ecclesial Vocation of the Theologian"
Toward a Discussion of the Text
a. Authority only in the case of infallibility?
b. The Magisterium, the university and the mass media
c. Prophetic vs. episcopal tradition?
Questions concerning Priestly Formation in Germany
In Search of Answers
a. On the future development of the faculties and related institutes
b. The significance of the seminary