St. Brigid of Ireland

St. Brigid of Ireland Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 02/01

Patron Of: Babies, Blacksmiths, Boatmen, Cattle, Childern Whose Parents Aren't Married, Dairy Workers, Fugitives, Ireland, Mariners, Midwives, Newborn Babies, Nuns, Poets, Poultry Farmers, Sailors, Scholars, Travelers

Also known as

    * Bride
    * Bride of the Isles
    * Bridget of Ireland
    * Bridget
    * Brigid of Kildare
    * Brigit
    * Ffraid
    * Mary of the Gael


    * 1 February
    * 10 June (translation of relics)


    Daughter of Dubtach, pagan Scottish king of Leinster, and Brocca, a Christian Pictish slave who had been baptized by Saint Patrick. Just before Brigid’s birth, her mother was sold to a Druid landowner. Brigid remained with her mother till she was old enough to serve her legal owner Dubtach, her father.

    She grew up marked by her high spirits and tender heart, and as a child, she heard Saint Patrick preach, which she never forgot. She could not bear to see anyone hungry or cold, and to help them, often gave away things that were Dubtach’s. When Dubtach protested, she replied that “Christ dwelt in every creature”. Dubtach tried to sell her to the King of Leinster, and while they bargained, she gave a treasured sword of her father‘s to a leper. Dubtach was about to strike her when Brigid explained she had given the sword to God through the leper, because of its great value. The King, a Christian, forbade Dubtach to strike her, saying “Her merit before God is greater than ours”. Dubtach solved this domestic problem by giving Brigid her freedom.

    Brigid’s aged mother was in charge of her master’s dairy. Brigid took charge ,and often gave away the produce. But the dairy prospered under her (hence her patronage of milk maids, dairy workers, cattle, etc.), and the Druid freed Brigid’s mother.

    Brigid returned to her father, who arranged a marriage for her with a young bard. Bride refused, and to keep her virginity, went to her Bishop, Saint Mel of Ardagh, and took her first vows. Legend says that she prayed that her beauty be taken from her so no one would seek her hand in marriage; her prayer was granted, and she regained her beauty only after making her vows. Another tale says that when Saint Patrick heard her final vows, he mistakenly used the form for ordaining priests. When told of it he replied, “So be it, my son, she is destined for great things.”

    Her first convent started c.468 with seven nuns. At the invitation of bishops, she started convents all over Ireland. She was a great traveler, especially considering the conditions of the time, which led to her patronage of travelers, sailors, etc. Brigid invented the double monastery, the monastery of Kildara, which means Church of the Oak, that she ran on the Liffey river being for both monks and nuns. Saint Conleth became its first bishop; this connection and the installation of a bell that lasted over 1000 years apparently led to her patronage of blacksmiths and those in related fields.


    * 453 at Faughart, County Louth, Ireland


    * 1 February 523 at Kildare, Ireland of natural causes
    * interred in the Kildare cathedral
    * relics transferred to Downpatrick, Ireland in 878 where they were interred with those of Saint Patrick and Saint Columba
    * relics re-discovered on 9 June 1185
    * head removed to Jesuit church in Lisbon, Portugal


    * Pre-Congregation

Name Meaning

    * fiery arrow (= brigid)


    * babies
    * blacksmiths
    * boatmen
    * cattle
    * chicken farmers
    * children whose parents are not married
    * dairymaids
    * dairy workers
    * Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotland
    * fugitives
    * infants
    * Ireland
    * Ivrea, Turin, Italy
    * Leinster, Ireland
    * mariners
    * midwives
    * milk maids
    * newborn babies
    * nuns
    * poets
    * poultry farmers
    * poultry raisers
    * printing presses
    * sailors
    * scholars
    * travellers
    * watermen


    * abbess, usually holding a lamp or candle, often with a cow nearby
    * abbess with her hand on an altar


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All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

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