St. Cyril


 
Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 02/14


Patron Of: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Ecumenism, Europe, Bohemia

Also known as
    Apostle of the Slavs
    Apostle of the Southern Slavs
    Constantin
    Constantine the Philospher
    Constantine
    Cyril the Philosopher

Memorial
    14 February
    formerly 7 July
    formerly 9 March

Profile
    Brother of Saint Methodius. Greek nobility; his family was connected with the senate of Thessalonica, and his mother Maria may have been Slavic. Studied at the University of Constantinople, and taught philosophy there. Deacon. Priest. Librarian at the church of Santa Sophia. Monk, taking the name Cyril. Sent with Methodius by the emperor in 861 to convert the Jewish Khazars of Russia, a mission that was successful, and which allowed him to learn the Khazar's language. In 863, sent with Methodius to convert Moravians in their native tongue. Though some western clergy opposed their efforts and refused to ordain their candidates for the priesthood, they did good work. Developed an alphabet for the Slavonic language that eventually became what is known as the Cyrillic today. After initial criticism for their use of it, they achieved approval of the Liturgy in the Slavonic language. May have been bishop, but may have died before the consecration ceremony.

Born
    827 at Thessalonica, Greece as Constantin

Died
    14 February 869 at Rome, Italy of natural causes

Patronage
    Bohemia
    Bulgaria
    Czech Republic
    Czechoslovakia
    ecumenism
    Europe
    Moravia
    unity of the Eastern and Western Churches
    Yugoslavia



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All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

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