St. Agatha of Sicily


 
St. Agatha of Sicily Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 2/05


Patron Of: Against Cancer, Against Fire, Against Volcano Eruptions

Memorial

    * 5 February

Profile

    We have little reliable information about this martyr, who has been honoured since ancient times, and whose name is included in the canon of the Mass. Young, beautiful and rich, Agatha lived a life consecrated to God. When Decius announced the edicts against Christians, the magistrate Quinctianus tried to profit by Agatha’s sanctity; he planned to blackmail her into sex in exchange for not charging her. Handed over to a brothel, she refused to accept customers. After rejecting Quinctianus’s advances, she was beaten, imprisoned, tortured, her breasts were crushed and cut off. She told the judge, “Cruel man, have you forgotten your mother and the breast that nourished you, that you dare to mutilate me this way?” One version has it that Saint Peter healed her. She was then imprisoned again, then rolled on live coals; when she was near death, an earthquake stuck. In the destruction that followed, a friend of the magistrate was crushed, and the magistrate fled. Agatha thanked God for an end to her pain, and died.

    Legend says that carrying her veil, taken from her tomb in Catania, in procession has averted eruptions of Mount Etna. Her intercession is reported to have saved Malta from Turkish invasion in 1551.

Born

    * in prison at Catania or Palermo, Sicily (sources vary)

Died

    * martyred c.250 at Catania, Sicily by being rolled on coals

Canonized

    * Pre-Congregation

Name Meaning

    * good

Patronage

    * against breast cancer
    * against breast disease
    * against earthquakes
    * against eruptions of Mount Etna
    * against fire
    * against natural disasters
    * against sterility
    * against volcanic eruptions
    * bell-founders
    * fire prevention
    * jewelers
    * martyrs
    * nurses
    * rape victims
    * single laywomen
    * torture victims
    * wet-nurses
    * Malta
    * San Marino
    * Agathaberg, Germany
    * Ali, Sicily, Italy
    * Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Belgium
    * Alsasua in Navarra, Spain
    * Aschaffenburg, Germany
    * Asciano, Italy
    * Baracaldo e Castrejana in Biscaglia, Spain
    * Benicàssim, Spain
    * Besenello, Italy
    * Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Belgium
    * Beverwijk e Leidschendam, Netherlands
    * Blanzey, France
    * Campogialli, Italy
    * Capua, Italy
    * Castrejón de la Peña, Spain
    * Catania, Sicily, Italy
    * Catral, Spain
    * Echo in Aragona, Spain
    * El Molar, Spain
    * Fossalunga, Italy
    * Gallipoli, Italy
    * Gorbea, Spain
    * Gundolsheim, France
    * Jérica, Spain
    * Lagata, Spain
    * Le Fournet, France
    * Maillane in Provenza, France
    * Marcignago, Italy
    * Martinengo, Italy
    * Montchavin-Les Coches, France
    * Montemaggiore Belsito, Italy
    * Ornago, Italy
    * Paesi Baschi, Spain
    * Palermo, Sicily, Italy
    * Peñalba de San Esteban, Spain
    * Pinarejo, Spain
    * Plaine des Palmistes nell’Isola de La Réunion, France
    * Prossedi, Italy
    * Radicofani, Italy
    * Rumilly, France
    * Saint-Pierre-d’Albigny, France
    * Sainte Agathe des Monts, Quebec
    * Sant’Agata Bolognese, Italy
    * Sant’Agata Feltria, Italy
    * Sant’Agata Fossili, Italy
    * Sant’Agata de’ Goti, Italy
    * Sant’Agata del Bianco, Italy
    * Sant’Agata di Esaro, Italy
    * Sant’Agata di Militello, Italy
    * Sant’Agata di Puglia, Italy
    * Sant’Agata sul Santerno, Italy
    * Santa Cruz de la Palma, Spain
    * Santhià, Italy
    * Sencelles, Spain
    * Sorihuela del Guadalimar, Spain
    * Sulignat, France
    * Torres de Berrellén, Spain
    * Tovo di Sant’Agata, Italy
    * Tremenico, Italy
    * Trescore Cremasco, Italy
    * Veganzones, Spain
    * Villalba del Alcor, Spain
    * Xilxes, Spain
    * Zaidìn, Spain
    * Zamarramala, Spain

Representation

    * breasts on a dish
    * crown of flowers
    * embers
    * knife
    * loaves of bread on a dish
    * pincers
    * shears
    * tongs
    * veil
    * virgin martyr wearing a veil and bearing her severed breasts on a silver platter

 



See Related Items

All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

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