Definitions of Roman Catholic Vestment Terms

 

Catholic vestments have several unfamiliar terms. Here is a brief glossary to help you figure them out.

ALB

 full length white linen vestment secured with a cincture used at Mass. An adaptation of the under tunic of the Greeks and Romans of the fourth century. It is blessed before being worn. It symbolizes the garment in which Christ was clothed by Herod and the purity of the soul with which the Sacrifice of the Mass should be offered. "Make me white O Lord and cleanse my heart that, made white by the Blood of the Lamb, I may be able to serve Thee" is said by the priest as he puts on the alb. It is also the white garment worm by the newly baptized person from Holy Saturday to the Sunday after Easter, Low Sunday, sometimes called the "Sunday in white." (From the Latin albus, white.)

 

AMICE

A short, oblong vestment of white linen worn beneath the alb to cover the shoulders of the priest while celebrating Mass. Now optional in the Latin Rite. When putting on the amice, the priest says, "Put on my head, O Lord, the helmet of salvation in order to repel the assaults of the devil." (From the Latin amictus, garment, mantle, cloak; from amicire, to throw around.)

 

CASSOCK

 

The ecclesiastical garb of all clerics. A ling, close-fitting garment that is sometimes belted. For ordinary use it is usually black in color. Cardinals may wear one of red color or with red piping, cincture and buttons; a bishop may wear purple. The Pope's is always white. (From the Italian casacca, greatcoat.)

 

CHASUBLE

A sleeveless outer garment worn by a priest at Mass. It is worn over all other vestments and is made of silk, velvet, or other rich material usually decorated with symbols. The arms are to be free when it is worn. It symbolizes the yoke of Christ and signifies charity. (From the Latin casula, a little house; hence a mantle.)


CINCTURE

A belt, girdle, or cord tied around the waist of an alb. Worn by the priest at Mass, it confines the garment. It is usually a cord with tassel of the liturgical color of the day. It symbolizes chastity. Refers also to the belt of a religious habit. (From the Latin cinctura, a girdle.)


COPE

A long cape worm by priests and bishops at certain religious rites. Open in front, like a mantle, it reaches to the floor and is fastened on the breast with a clasp. It is worn in processions, at Benediction, and at other solemn offices, Mass excepted. (From the Latin cappa, cape.)


DALMATIC

An outer liturgical garment worn by a deacon at Mass and in solemn processions. It has wide short sleeves, reaches to the knees, and is open at the sides. It is of the same material and color as the vestments of the celebrant. It was introduced from Dalmatia (hence its name) to Rome as a secular garment in the reign of the Emperor Diocletian.


HUMERAL VEIL

A long oblong piece of silk or vestment material often richly ornamented or embroidered, worn over the shoulders and covering the hands of the priest as he gives the blessing with the Sacred Host in the monstrance at benediction (Eucharistiae Sacramentum, 1973, III, 92). It is also used when sacred vessels with their reserved contents are carried from one tabernacle to another or in procession. (From the Latin humerus, the shoulder.)


MANIPLE

An ornamented small vestment, long and narrow, formerly worn over the left arm of a celebrant at Mass. Originally it was a folded handkerchief. It is no longer a required vestment. (From the Latin manipulus, that which fills the hand; from manus, hand.)

 

STOLE

A liturgical vestment composed of a strip of material, several inches wide, and worn around the neck by priests and bishops; at the left shoulder like a sash by deacons, for the celebration of Mass, administration of the sacraments, and ceremonies of the Blessed Sacrament.

 

SURPLICE

A large-sleeved tunic of half length, made of linen or cotton, without a cincture, and occasionally embroidered at hem and sleeves. It is a liturgical garment worn by all clergy in choir, during processions, and when administering the sacraments. Worn over the cassock. (From the Latin superpellicium [originally worn by clergymen of northern countries over their fur coats].)

 

VESTMENTS

Special garments worn by the clergy, in conformity with Church regulations, at the celebration of the mass, administration of the sacrament, in procession, when giving blessings, and in general whenever exercising their official priestly duties. The use of vestments goes back to the ritual garb of the priesthood of Aaron. In the Catholic Church, even in catacomb days, priests and bishops were specially, if not always distinctively, garbed when celebrating the liturgy. With the Church's liberation and her emergence into public life, liturgical garments were commonly used to distinguish them from secular dress.

The order of vesting according to the Tridentine Rite:

amice, alb, cincture, maniple, stole and chasuble.

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Hunter Green Chasuble with Celtic Cross Hunter Green Chasuble with Celtic Cross

Item Number: 26606
Price: $350.00
Availability: Ships within 10-15 Business Days

Hunter green chasuble with velvet halo collar that features a gold Celtic Cross on front. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will custom size at your …


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Hunter Green Clement Dalmatic Hunter Green Clement Dalmatic

Item Number: 26675
Price: $575.00
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Hunter green dalmatic with plain collar that features a green Clement H-Bar on front. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Standard dalmatics measure 51" wide x 52" long and ample size measures 52" wide x 60" long. We will custom size at your request. Please specify width by measuring forearm to …


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Cream Chasuble with Wine Berini Orphrey Cream Chasuble with Wine Berini Orphrey

Item Number: 26505
Price: $650.00
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Cream chasuble with open cowl collar that features a Wine Berini orphrey with three small crosses on front with stripe. The stripe only continues on back. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures …


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Cream Chasuble with Festive Orphrey Cream Chasuble with Festive Orphrey

Item Number: 26507
Price: $435.00
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Cream chasuble with gold Festive yoke and orphrey that features a square Fleury Cross on front and at back yoke. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will …


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Cream Chasuble with Pamir Orphrey Cream Chasuble with Pamir Orphrey

Item Number: 26586
Price: $525.00
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Cream chasuble with double pointed yoke that features a gold Pamir orphrey and accentuated with gold galloon. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will …


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Hunter Green Dalmatic with Gold and Green Galloon Hunter Green Dalmatic with Gold and Green Galloon

Item Number: 26671
Price: $480.00
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Hunter green dalmatic with green and gold galloon trims. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Standard dalmatics measure 51" wide x 52" long and ample size measures 52" wide x 60" long. We will custom size at your request. Please specify width by measuring forearm to forearm with arms …


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White Chasuble with Clement Orphrey White Chasuble with Clement Orphrey

Item Number: 26631
Price: $525.00
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White chasuble with plain collar that features a gold Clement orphrey with white and gold galloon. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will custom size at …


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Purple Chasuble with IHS on Shield and Cross Purple Chasuble with IHS on Shield and Cross

Item Number: 26566
Price: $415.00
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Purple chasuble with open cowl collar that features IHS on Shield and Cross with galloon trim on orphrey. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will custom …


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White Chasuble with Gold Trim White Chasuble with Gold Trim

Item Number: 26576
Price: $475.00
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White chasuble with gold galloon trim. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will custom size at your request. Please specify desired width measurement with …


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Cream Chasuble with Gold Windsor Orphrey Cream Chasuble with Gold Windsor Orphrey

Item Number: 26546
Price: $495.00
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Cream chasuble with double pointed yoke that features a gold Windsor orphrey with black and gold galloon. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will custom …


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Purple Trenton Fiddle Back with Harvest Tapestry Purple Trenton Fiddle Back with Harvest Tapestry

Item Number: 26930
Price: $675.00
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Roman Style Fiddle Back Vestment in purple Trenton fabric that features purple Harvest tapestry on maroon velvet with purple/gold galloon. This measures 41" long and is fully lined in satin. Includes matching understole with fringe. Dry clean only. Made in the U.S.A.


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White and Gold Chasuble G65939A White and Gold Chasuble G65939A

Item Number: 26944
Price: $450.00
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White chasuble with open cowl collar and gold orphrey with green/gold trims. Tailored in easy care and wrinkle resistant fabric, this beautiful vestment is durable, lightweight and breathable. Comes with a lined and interlined understole. Standard chasuble measure 57" wide x 51" long and ample size measures 64" wide x 52" long. We will custom size at your request. Please …


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