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John Paul II The Pope Who Understood Fatima - The Unprecedented Role of Fatima in the Course of Recent World History and on the Mission of John Paul II

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Catalog Code: 3245


John Paul II The Pope Who Understood Fatima

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Most people know that the Blessed Virgin Mary visited the small Portuguese village of Fatima in 1917. Most of us have heard how she pleaded for the recitation of the Rosary. But, are we truly aware of how the message of Fátima truly changed and altered the course of world history? Do we realize how her maternal catechesis goes beyond the mere praying of the Rosary? Have we learned how the message of Fátima completely changed the life and mission of a Pope, John Paul II?
Join us in a journey into the "unknown dimensions" of the Message of Fátima and learn how the Mother of God used the message of Fátima to guide a Vicar of Christ into changing the life of the world and humanity forever. Discover how Our Lady prepared a small European nation to become an inspiring instrument of the Heavenly plea. Let this humble book introduce you into the areas of the Fátima event which have been long overlooked by the Christian world. This brief work may change forever your perception of the apparitions of Fátima.

About the author: Mr. Eduardo Sigüenza received a Master's Degree in Theology and Christian Ministry for the Franciscan University of Steubenville. He has dedicated many years to the study of Mariology. He has been blessed with making nine different pilgrimages to Fátima. He has made numerous pilgrimages to other Marian shrines such as Lourdes in France, El Pilar in Spain, Loreto in Italy, Edsa in Philippines and Rome. He has also attended six international papal events of Pope John Paul II.




 


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Bl. John Paul II

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 05/01


Karol Józef Wojtyla, known as John Paul II since his October 1978 election to the papacy, was born in the Polish town of Wadowice, a small city 50 kilometers from Krakow, on May 18, 1920. He was the youngest of three children born to Karol Wojtyla and Emilia Kaczorowska. His mother died in 1929. His eldest brother Edmund, a doctor, died in 1932 and his father, a non-commissioned army officer died in 1941. A sister, Olga, had died before he was born.

He was baptized on June 20, 1920 in the parish church of Wadowice by Fr. Franciszek Zak, made his First Holy Communion at age 9 and was confirmed at 18. Upon graduation from Marcin Wadowita high school in Wadowice, he enrolled in Krakow's Jagiellonian University in 1938 and in a school for drama.

The Nazi occupation forces closed the university in 1939 and young Karol had to work in a quarry (1940-1944) and then in the Solvay chemical factory to earn his living and to avoid being deported to Germany.

In 1942, aware of his call to the priesthood, he began courses in the clandestine seminary of Krakow, run by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Krakow. At the same time, Karol Wojtyla was one of the pioneers of the "Rhapsodic Theatre," also clandestine.

After the Second World War, he continued his studies in the major seminary of Krakow, once it had re-opened, and in the faculty of theology of the Jagiellonian University. He was ordained to the priesthood by Archbishop Sapieha in Krakow on November 1, 1946.

Shortly afterwards, Cardinal Sapieha sent him to Rome where he worked under the guidance of the French Dominican, Garrigou-Lagrange. He finished his doctorate in theology in 1948 with a thesis on the subject of faith in the works of St. John of the Cross (Doctrina de fide apud Sanctum Ioannem a Cruce). At that time, during his vacations, he exercised his pastoral ministry among the Polish immigrants of France, Belgium and Holland.

In 1948 he returned to Poland and was vicar of various parishes in Krakow as well as chaplain to university students. This period lasted until 1951 when he again took up his studies in philosophy and theology. In 1953 he defended a thesis on "evaluation of the possibility of founding a Catholic ethic on the ethical system of Max Scheler" at Lublin Catholic University. Later he became professor of moral theology and social ethics in the major seminary of Krakow and in the Faculty of Theology of Lublin.

On July 4, 1958, he was appointed titular bishop of Ombi and auxiliary of Krakow by Pope Pius XII, and was consecrated September 28, 1958, in Wawel Cathedral, Krakow, by Archbishop Eugeniusz Baziak.

On January 13, 1964, he was appointed archbishop of Krakow by Pope Paul VI, who made him a cardinal June 26, 1967 with the title of S. Cesareo in Palatio of the order of deacons, later elevated pro illa vice to the order of priests.

Besides taking part in Vatican Council II (1962-1965) where he made an important contribution to drafting the Constitution Gaudium et spes, Cardinal Wojtyla participated in all the assemblies of the Synod of Bishops.

The Cardinals elected him Pope at the Conclave of 16 October 1978, and he took the name of John Paul II. On 22 October, the Lord's Day, he solemnly inaugurated his Petrine ministry as the 263rd successor to the Apostle. His pontificate, one of the longest in the history of the Church, lasted nearly 27 years.

Driven by his pastoral solicitude for all Churches and by a sense of openness and charity to the entire human race, John Paul II exercised the Petrine ministry with a tireless missionary spirit, dedicating it all his energy. He made 104 pastoral visits outside Italy and 146 within Italy. As bishop of Rome he visited 317 of the city's 333 parishes.

He had more meetings than any of his predecessors with the People of God and the leaders of Nations. More than 17,600,000 pilgrims participated in the General Audiences held on Wednesdays (more than 1160), not counting other special audiences and religious ceremonies [more than 8 million pilgrims during the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000 alone], and the millions of faithful he met during pastoral visits in Italy and throughout the world. We must also remember the numerous government personalities he encountered during 38 official visits, 738 audiences and meetings held with Heads of State, and 246 audiences and meetings with Prime Ministers.

His love for young people brought him to establish the World Youth Days. The 19 WYDs celebrated during his pontificate brought together millions of young people from all over the world. At the same time his care for the family was expressed in the World Meetings of Families, which he initiated in 1994.

John Paul II successfully encouraged dialogue with the Jews and with the representatives of other religions, whom he several times invited to prayer meetings for peace, especially in Assisi.

Under his guidance the Church prepared herself for the third millennium and celebrated the Great Jubilee of the year 2000 in accordance with the instructions given in the Apostolic Letter Tertio Millennio adveniente. The Church then faced the new epoch, receiving his instructions in the Apostolic Letter Novo Millennio ineunte, in which he indicated to the faithful their future path.

With the Year of the Redemption, the Marian Year and the Year of the Eucharist, he promoted the spiritual renewal of the Church.

He gave an extraordinary impetus to Canonizations and Beatifications, focusing on countless examples of holiness as an incentive for the people of our time. He celebrated 147 beatification ceremonies during which he proclaimed 1,338 Blesseds; and 51 canonizations for a total of 482 saints. He made Thérèse of the Child Jesus a Doctor of the Church.

He considerably expanded the College of Cardinals, creating 231 Cardinals (plus one in pectore) in 9 consistories. He also called six full meetings of the College of Cardinals.

He organized 15 Assemblies of the Synod of Bishops - six Ordinary General Assemblies (1980, 1983, 1987, 1990, 1994 and 2001), one Extraordinary General Assembly (1985) and eight Special Assemblies (1980,1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998 (2) and 1999).

His most important Documents include 14 Encyclicals, 15 Apostolic Exhortations, 11 Apostolic Constitutions, 45 Apostolic Letters.

He promulgated the Catechism of the Catholic Church in the light of Tradition as authoritatively interpreted by the Second Vatican Council. He also reformed the Eastern and Western Codes of Canon Law, created new Institutions and reorganized the Roman Curia.

As a private Doctor he also published five books of his own: "Crossing the Threshold of Hope" (October 1994), "Gift and Mystery, on the fiftieth anniversary of my ordination as priest" (November 1996), "Roman Triptych" poetic meditations (March 2003), "Arise, Let us Be Going" (May 2004) and "Memory and Identity" (February 2005).

In the light of Christ risen from the dead, on 2 April a.D. 2005, at 9.37 p.m., while Saturday was drawing to a close and the Lord's Day was already beginning, the Octave of Easter and Divine Mercy Sunday, the Church's beloved Pastor, John Paul II, departed this world for the Father.

From that evening until April 8, date of the funeral of the late Pontiff, more than three million pilgrims came to Rome to pay homage to the mortal remains of the Pope. Some of them queued up to 24 hours to enter St. Peter's Basilica.

On April 28, the Holy Father Benedict XVI announced that the normal five-year waiting period before beginning the cause of beatification and canonization would be waived for John Paul II. The cause was officially opened by Cardinal Camillo Ruini, vicar general for the diocese of Rome, on June 28 2005.



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. John Regis

St. John Regis Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 06/16


Patron Of: Lace Makers, Medical Social Workers, Social Workers

Also known as
    John-Francis Regis
    John Francis Regis
    Jean-Francois Regie

Memorial
    16 June

Profile
    Son of a wealthy merchant. Educated at the Jesuit college at Beziers, and at Cahors, Le Puy, Auch, and Tournon. Joined the Jesuits at age 18. Preacher. Catechist who was so good that children he taught helped bring their parents back to the Church. Priest at age 34. Worked with plague victims in Toulouse. Taught at Pamiers.

    His skill at preaching caused him to be sent as evangelist to provinces that had fallen to the Huguenots following the Edict of Nantes, places where many had abandoned the Church. Not known for a polished style or appearance, his simple method of preaching the Truth, and his willingness to work for the poor, converted crowds of farmers, workers, and country folk. When pressed about his image he replied, "The rich never lack confessors." He lived off apples, black bread, and whatever came to hand, preferring to spend his time preaching, teaching, and hearing confessions.

    Established hostels for prostitutes, whom he called "Daughters of Refuge", who wished to leave the business. Often assaulted for his trouble. Helped a group of country girls stay away from the cities by establishing them in the lacemaking and embroidery trade, an area of which he a patron saint.

    Established the Confraternities of the Blessed Sacrament; to the society women he offered the "gift" of a few hungry mouths to feed, while to others he sent notes like,

        "Sir, you will provide food for the poor people who names are listed below, and you will give them six sous for their lodging. If you are unable to provide them with food, you will give them a further six sous so that they may buy it themselves."

    They did. Established a granary for the poor which sometimes miraculously refilled, demanded (and received) treatment for them by doctors, nurses, and pharmacists. Known for miraculous healing, but said that "every time God converts a hardened sinner he is working a far greater miracle."

    At one point there was a movement against him by some of his fellow Jesuits who felt his zealous "signs of simplicity and indiscretion" did not best showcase their order nor follow its teachings. Regis' bishop, however, recognized there was more jealousy than theology in the complaint, and ignored it. Regis asked for transfer to Canada where he could preach without worries about politics in his order, but he was ordered to continue his good works in the French countryside.

    At age 43 Regis had a premonition of his death. He spent three days in retreat, made a general confession, and resumed his mission in mountain villages. Bad weather set in, he spent his days preaching, his nights in poor shelter, developed pleurisy and then pneumonia. His last words: "Jesus, my Savior, I recommend my soul to You."

Born
    31 January 1597 at Font-Couverte, Narbonne, Languedoc, France

Died
    30 December 1640 of pneumonia while preaching a mission at La Louvesc, Dauphine, France

Name Meaning
    God is gracious; gift of God

Beatified
    24 May 1716 by Pope Clement XI

Canonized
    16 June 1737 by Pope Clement XII

Name Meaning
    God is gracious (= John)

Patronage
    lace makers
    lace workers
    medical social workers
    social workers

Representation

   Jesuit wearing a leather cape and holding a staff topped with a crucifix



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. John the Apostle

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 12/27


Patron Of: Booksellers

 Apostle of Charity
 Beloved Apostle
 Beloved Disciple
 Giovanni Evangelista
 John the Divine
 John the Evangelist
Memorial
 27 December (Roman Catholic)
 8 May (Greek Orthodox)
 6 May (before the Latin gate)
Profile
Son of Zebedee and Salome. Fisherman. Brother of Saint James the Great, and called one of the Sons of Thunder. Disciple of Saint John the Baptist. Friend of Saint Peter the Apostle. Called by Jesus during the first year of His ministry, and traveled everywhere with Him, becoming so close as to be known as the beloved disciple. Took part in the Last Supper. The only one of the Twelve not to forsake the Savior in the hour of His Passion, standing at the foot of the cross. Made guardian of Our Lady by Jesus, he took her into his home. Upon hearing of the Resurrection, he was the first to reach the tomb; when he met the risen Lord at the lake of Tiberias, he was the first to recognize Him.

During the era of the new Church, he worked in Jerusalem and at Ephesus. During Jesus' ministry, he tried to block a Samaritan from their group, but Jesus explained the open nature of the new Way, and he worked on that principle to found churches in Asia Minor and baptizing converts in Samaria. Imprisoned with Peter for preaching after Pentecost. Wrote the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and possibly the Book of Revelation. Survived all his fellow apostles.

Traditional stories:

Emperor Dometian had him brought to Rome, beaten, poisoned, and thrown into a cauldron of boiling oil, but he stepped out unharmed and was banished to Patmos instead.

When John was en route to preach in Asia, his ship was wrecked in a storm; all but John were cast ashore. John was assumed dead, but 2 weeks later the waves cast him ashore alive at the feet of his disciple Prochoros.

When John denounced idol worship as demonic, followers of Artemis stoned him; the rocks turned and hit the throwers.

He prayed in a temple of Artemis; fire from heaven killed 200 men who worshipped the idol. When the remaining group begged for mercy, he raised the 200 from the dead; they all converted and were baptized.

Drove out a demon who had lived in a pagan temple for 249 years.

Aboard ship, he purified vessels of sea water for drinking.

Ceonops, a magician, pretended to bring three dead people come to life; the "people" were actually demons who mimicked people so the magician could turn people away from Christ. Through prayer, John caused the magician to drown and the demons to vanish.

Once a year his grave gave off a fragrant dust that cured the sick.
Died
c.101 at Ephesus (modern Turkey); a church was built over his tomb, which was later converted to a mosque
Name Meaning
God is gracious; gift of God
Patronage
 against burns
 against poison
 art dealers
 Asia Minor
 authors
 bookbinders
 booksellers
 burn victims
 Cleveland, Ohio, diocese of
 compositors
 editors
 Eger, Hungary, archdiocese of
 engravers
 friendships
 lithographers
 Milwaukee, Wisconsin, diocese of
 Morra, Netherlands
 painters
 papermakers
 poisoning
 printers
 publishers
 Sundern, Germany
 tanners
 Taos, New Mexico
 theologians
 typesetters
 Umbria, Italy
 writers
 Wroclaw, Poland



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. John the Baptist

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 08/24


Patron Of: Baptism, Monastic Life, Against Epilepsy, Converts, Epilepsy

Also known as
    Joannes Baptista
    John the Baptizer
    John the Forerunner
    Juan Bautista

Memorial
    24 June (birth)
    29 August (death)

Profile
    Cousin of Jesus Christ. Son of Zachary, a priest of the order of Abia whose job in the temple was to burn incense; and of Elizabeth, a descendent of Aaron. As Zachary was ministering in the Temple, an angel brought him news that Elizabeth would bear a child filled with the Holy Spirit from the moment of his birth. Zachary doubted and was struck dumb until John's birth.

    Prophet. Began his ministry around age 27, wearing a leather belt and a tunic of camel hair, living off locusts and wild honey, and preaching a message of repentance to the people of Jerusalem. He converted many, and prepared the way for the coming of Jesus. Baptized Christ, after which he stepped away and told his disciples to follow Jesus.

    Imprisoned by King Herod. He died a victim of the vengeance of a jealous woman; he was beheaded, and his head brought to her on a platter. Saint Jerome says Herodias kept the head for a long time after, occassionally stabbing the tongue with his dagger.

Died
    beheaded c.30 at Machaerus; buried at Sebaste, Samaria; relics in Saint Sylvester's church, Rome, Italy, and at Amiens, France

Name Meaning
    God is gracious; gift of God (John)

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation

Patronage
    against convulsions
    against epilepsy
    against hail
    against hailstorms
    against spasms
    Albera Ligure, Italy
    Alice bel Colle, Italy
    Badiangan, Philippines
    baptism
    bird dealers
    Bistagno, Italy
    Bonavigo, Italy
    Borgia, Italy
    Brenzone, Italy
    Camerano, Italy
    Campobello di Licata, Italy
    Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
    Cenadi, Catanzaro, Italy
    Charleston, South Carolina, diocese of
    Ciutadella, Menorca, Spain
    Colletorto, Italy
    converts
    convulsive children
    Cortale, Italy
    cutters
    Dagupan City, Philippines
    Dodge City, Kansas, diocese of
    epileptics
    Fabriano, Italy
    farriers
    French Canadians
    Fürstenberg, Germany
    Garbagna, Italy
    Genoa, Italy, archdiocese of
    Genoa, Italy, city of
    Gizzeria, Italy
    Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Italy
    Igbaras, Iloilo, Philippines
    Jordan
    Kalibo, Aklan, Philippines
    Knights Hospitaller
    Knights of Malta
    lambs
    Leioa, Spain
    Macau, China
    Maltese Knights
    monastic life
    Monte San Giovanni Campano, Italy
    Monza, Italy
    motorways
    Palermo, Sicily, Italy
    Paterson, New Jersey, diocese of
    Penzance, Cornwall, England
    Portland, Maine, diocese of
    Pozzallo, Sicily, Italy
    printers
    Puerto Rico
    Quebec, Canada
    Ragusa, Sicily, Italy
    Saint-Jean-le-Blanc, Loiret, France
    San Juan Indian Pueblo
    San Juan, Puerto Rico
    San Juan Chamula, Chiapas, Mexico
    San Juan Cosala, Mexico
    San Juan Tecomatlan, Mexico
    Sassano, Italy
    Savannah, Georgia, diocese of
    tailors
    Teising, Germany
    Torino, Italy
    Umbria, Italy
    Xewkija, Gozo, Malta
    Wenden, Germany
    Wenings, Germany
    Wroclaw, Poland



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. John the Silent

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 05/13


Also known as
    John Hesychastes
    John Silentiarius

Memorial
    13 May

Profile
    Son of Enkratios, a military commander, and Euphemia; his brother and other family members were advisors to emperors. His parents died in 471, and at age 18 John used his inheritance to build the Church of the Most Holy Mother of God in Nicopolis. By age 20 he had founded a monastery for himself and ten fellow young monks. Bishop of Colonia (Taxara) by age 28; ecclesiastical duties permitting, he continued to live as a monk.

    In his tenth year as bishop, his brother-in-law, Pazinikos, was appointed governor of Armenia, and immediately began meddling in Church affairs. Overwhelmed by secular matters he was not prepared for, he secretly fled to Jerusalem, praying for a place to hide from the world. Accepted as a novice at Saint Sabas monastery, working as a steward and construction worker. After four years at the monastery, he was being considered for ordination, and felt compelled to reveal his secret the the Jerusalem Patriarch Elias. Elias permitted him to take a vow of silence, and wall himself into his cell for another four years.

    Lived as a hermit in a hut built against a rock face in the desert wilderness for nine years; legend says he was protected from brigands by a lion that stayed nearby. Saint Sava convinced John to return to the monastery. His secret came out, and he lived many years at the monastery under the protection of Sava. Late in life he left his solitude to fight the Origenists. Miracle worker. Healer. Exorcist.

Born
    8 January 454 at Nicopolis, Armenia

Died
    558 of natural causes

Name Meaning
    God is gracious; gift of God (John)

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Josaphat

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 11/12


Patron Of: Ukraine

Also known as
    John Kunsevich
    Josaphat Kuncevyc
    Josaphat of Polotsk
    Jozofat Kuncewicz

Memorial
    12 November
    formerly 14 November

Profile
    His father was a municipal counselor, and his mother known for her piety. Raised in the Orthodox Ruthenian Church which, on 23 November 1595 in the Union of Brest, united with the Church of Rome. Trained as a merchant's apprentice at Vilna, he was offered partnership in the business, and marriage to his partner's daughter; feeling the call to religious life, he declined both. Monk in the Ukrainian Order of Saint Basil (Basilians) in Vilna at age 20 in 1604, taking the name brother Josaphat. Deacon. Ordained a Byzantine rite priest in 1609.

    Josaphat's superior, Samuel, never accepted unity with Rome, and looked for a way to fight against Roman Catholicism and the Uniats, the name given those who brought about and accepted the union of the Churches. Learning of Samiel's work, and fearing the physical and spiritual damage it could cause, Josaphat brought it to the attention of his superiors. The archbishop of Kiev removed Samuel from his post, replacing him with Josaphat.

    Famous preacher. Worked to bring unity among the faithful, and bring strayed Christians back to the Church. Bishop of Vitebsk. Most religious, fearing interference with the natively developed liturgy and customs, did not want union with Rome. Bishop Josaphat believed unity to be in the best interests of the Church, and by teaching, clerical reform, and personal example Josaphat won the greater part of the Orthodox in Lithuania to the union. Never completely suitable to either side, Roman authorities sometimes raised objection to Josaphat's Orthodox actions. Archbishop of Polotsk, Lithuania in 1617.

    While Josaphat attended the Diet of Warsaw in 1620, a dissident group, supported by Cossacks, set up an anti-Uniat bishops for each Uniat one, spread the accusation that Josaphat had "gone Latin," and that his followers would be forced to do the same, and placed a usurper on the archbishop's chair. Despite warnings, John went to Vitebsk, a hotbed of trouble, to try to correct the misunderstandings, and settle disturbances. The army remained loyal to the king, who remained loyal to the Union, and so the army tried to protect Josaphat and his clergy.

    Late in 1623 an anti-Uniat priest named Elias shouted insults at Josaphat from his own courtyard, and tried to force his way into the residence. When he was removed, a mob assembled and forced his release. Mob mentality took over, and they invaded the residence. Josaphat tried to insure the safety of his servants before fleeing himself, but did not get out in time, and was martyred by the mob. His death was a shock to both sides of the dispute, brought some sanity and a cooling off period to both sides of the conflict.

Born
    1580 at Volodymyr, Lithuania (modern Ukraine) as John Kunsevyc

Died
    struck in the head with a halberd, shot and beaten with staves on 12 November 1623 at Vitebsk, Belarus
    body thrown into the Dvina River but later recovered
    buried at Biala, Poland
    body found incorrupt five years after death

Name Meaning
    God is gracious; gift of God (John)

Beatified
    16 May 1643 by Pope Urban VIII

Canonized
    1876
    first Eastern saint canonized by Rome

Patronage
    Ukraine



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Josemaría Escríva

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 06/26


Patron Of: Diabetes

All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Joseph Calasanz

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 08/25


Patron Of: Colleges, Schools for the Poor, Schoolchildren, Schools, Students, Universities

Also known as
    Joseph Calasanctius
    Joseph of Our Lady
    Joseph Calsanza

Memorial
    25 August
    formerly 27 August

Profile
    Youngest of five children born to Don Pedro Calasanz and Donna Maria Gastonia. His mother and a brother died while he was still in school. Studied at Estadilla, at the University of Lereda, at Valencia, and at Alcala de Henares. Obtained degrees in canon law and theology. His father wanted the boy to become a soldier, to marry, and to continue the family. However, a near fatal illness in 1582 caused him to seriously examine his life, and he realized a call to the religious life.

    Ordained on 17 December 1583. Parish priest at Albarracin. Secretary and confessor to his bishop, synodal examiner, and procurator. Revived religious zeal among the laity, discipline among the clergy in a section of the Pyrenees. Both his bishop and his father died in 1587.

    Vicar-general of Trempe, Spain. Following a vision, he gave away much of his inheritance, renounced most of the rest, and travelled to Rome in 1592. Worked in the household of Cardinal Ascanio Colonna as thelogical advisor for the cardinal, tutor to the cardinal's nephew. Worked with plague victims in 1595.

    Member of the Confraternity for Christian Doctrine. Tried to get poor children, many of them orphans and/or homeless, into school. The teachers, already poorly paid, refused to work with the new students without a raise; in November 1597, Joseph and two fellow priests opened a small, free school for poor children. Pope Clement VIII, and later Pope Paul V, contributed toward their work. He was soon supervising several teachers and hundreds of students.

    In 1602 they moved to larger quarters, and reorganized the teaching priests into a community. In 1612 they moved to the Torres palace to have even more room. In 1621 the community was recognized as a religious order called Le Sciole Pie (Religious Schools), also known as the Piarists, or Scolopii or Ordo Clericorum Regularium Pauperum Matris Dei Scholarum Piarum or Order of Poor Clerks Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools; Joseph acted as superior of the Order.

    The community encountered many obstacles - Joseph's friendship with the astronomer Galileo Galilei caused a stir with some Church officials. Some of the ruling class objected that to educate the poor would cause social unrest. Other Orders that worked with the poor were afraid they would be absorbed by the Piarists. But they group continued to have papal support, and continued to do good work.

    In his old age, Joseph suffered through seeing his Order torn apart. He was accused of incompetence by Father Mario Sozzi, who was chosen as new superior of the Order. Sozzi died in 1643, and was replaced by Father Cherubini; he pursued the same course as Sozzi, and nearly destroyed the Order. A papal commission charged with examining the Order acquitted Joseph of all accusations, and in 1645, returned him to superior of the Order, but internal dissent continued, and in 1646 Pope Innocent X dissolved the Order, placing the priests under control of their local bishops.

    The Piarists were reorganized in 1656, eight years after Joseph's death. They were restored as a religious order in 1669, and continue their good work today.

Born
    11 September 1556 at Peralta, Barbastro, Aragon, Spain in his father's castle

Died
    25 August 1648 at Rome, Italy of natural causes; buried at Saint Panteleone, Rome

Name Meaning
    whom the Lord adds (Joseph)

Beatified
    18 August 1748 by Pope Benedict XIV

Canonized
    16 July 1767 by Pope Clement XIII

Patronage
    colleges
    schoolchildren
    schools
    schools for the poor
    students
    universities
    (areas 'assigned' by Pope Pius XII)



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Joseph Freinademetz

St. Joseph Freinademetz Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 01/28


Also known as

    * Giuseppe Freinademetz
    * Joseph of Shantung
    * Jozef Freinademetz
    * Ujoep (nickname)

Memorial

    * 28 January

Profile

    Born into a pious farm family, the fourth of twelve children. Joseph was a polymath who knew seven languages. Ordained in Bressanone, Italian Tyrol on 25 July 1875. Joined the Divine Word Missionaries when the congregation was only three years old. Missionary to China in 1879; he spent the rest of his life there, and did all he could to be Chinese in order to convert the Chinese.

    He worked initially with Franciscan missionaries so he and his group could get acclimated. The bishop of Hong Kong planned to put Father Joseph in charge of the group, and later to ordain him as bishop; Joseph refused to leave the bishop‘s office until his superior had changed his mind and given the honor to some one else.

    It was a time of persecution of Christians in China; many in authority resented foreigners of any sort, and others were openly anti-Christian no matter if the faithful were native or foreign. Father Joseph, his co-workers and his flock were chased from place to place, arrested, routinely beaten. Joseph is reported to have preached to his attackers while they were beating him; they were so moved and impressed, they left.

    The abuse of the missionaries led to some foreign governments to dispatch armed forces to China to protect them. The Chinese government reacted by expelling all foreigners. Father Joseph stayed to minister covertly to the converts, finally resuming his work openly after the deportation orders were lifted. On the roads and from the mission, he worked to teach and convert up to the very end of his life.

Born

    * 15 April 1852 in Pedraces in Val Gadena, the Tyrolean Alps, Italy

Died

    * 28 January 1908 in Taikia, China of tuberculosis and typhus

Venerated

    * 16 March 1970 by Pope Paul VI (decree of heroic virtues)

Beatified

    * 19 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI

Canonized

    * 5 October 2003 by Pope John Paul II
 



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Joseph of Arimathea

St. Joseph of Arimathea Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 03/17


Patron Of: Tin Miners, Tin Smiths, Coffin Bearers, Funeral Directors, Glastonbury Cathedral, Morticians, Pall Bearers, Undertakers

Also known as

    * Joseph of Glastonbury

Memorial

    * 17 March

Profile

    Wealthy Israelite owner of tin mines in Cornwall. May have been related to Jesus, and certainly was a disciple and student. He is the noble counselor mentioned in the Gospel of Mark. Provided the tomb for Christ, and with the help of Saint Nicodemus, interred Jesus. Tradition says he brought the Faith and the Holy Grail to England. When he planted his traveller‘s staff in Glastonbury, it took root and became a thorn tree which flowered each Christmas Day.

Born

    * Arimathea, Palestine

Died

    * 1st century

Canonized

    * Pre-Congregation

Patronage

    * coffin-bearers
    * funeral directors
    * Glastonbury cathedral
    * morticians
    * pallbearers
    * tin miners
    * tin smiths
    * undertakers

Representation

    * very old man carrying a pot of ointment
    * very old man carrying a flowering staff
    * very old man carrying a pair of altar cruets
    * flowering staff
 



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Josephine Bakhita

St. Josephine Bakhita Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 02/08


Patron Of: Sudan, Sacred Heart

Also known as

    * Giuseppina Bakhita
    * Madre Moretta
    * Sister Moretta

Memorial

    * 8 February

Profile

    Born to a wealthy Sudanese family, she was kidnapped by slave-traders at age 9, and given the name Bakhita (lucky) by them. Sold and resold in the markets at El Obeid and Khartoum, finally purchased in 1883 by Callisto Legnani, Italian consul who planned to free her. She accompanied Legnani to Italy in 1885, and worked as a nanny for the family of Augusto Michieli. She was treated well in Italy and grew to love the country. An adult convert the Christianity, she joined the Church on 9 January 1890, she took the name of Josephine as a symbol of her new life.

    She entered the Institute of Canossian Daughters of Charity in Venice, Italy in 1893, taking her vows on 8 December 1896 in Verona, Italy and serving as a Canossian Sister for the next fifty years. Her gentle presence, her warm, amiable voice, and her willingness to help with any menial task were a comfort to the poor and suffering people who came to the door of the Institute. After a biography of her was published in 1930, she became a noted and sought after speaker, raising funds to support missions.

Born

    * 1868 at Oglassa, Darfur, Sudan

Died

    * 8 February 1947 of natural causes in Italy

Venerated

    * 1 December 1978 by Pope John Paul II (decree of heroic virtues)

Beatified

    * 17 May 1992 by Pope John Paul II

Canonized

    * 1 October 2000 by Pope John Paul II at Saint Peter’s Basilica, Rome, Italy
    * thought to be the only saint originally from Sudan

Patronage

    * Sudan

Name Meaning

    * the lucky one; fortunate ( = bakhita); whom the Lord adds (Joseph)
 



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

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