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Church Fathers - From Clement of Rome to Augustine

Item Number: 62139
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Church Fathers

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Learn more about the early Church Fathers, also called the Apostolic Fathers, and see how their writing, teaching and preaching formed the Christian faith we profess to this day. They lived in a time of confusion, turmoil and persecution, not unlike our own, and they can teach us valuable lessons to live more faithfully and understand Christ and His Church in our own age. No one today can show us the Way of the Fathers with more skill and effectiveness than Pope Benedict XVI.

Following his best selling book, Jesus of Nazareth, and his talks published in Jesus, the Apostles, and the Early Church, Pope Benedict’s Church Fathers presents these important figures of early Christianity in all their evangelical vitality, spiritual profundity, and uncompromising love of God. Benedict tells the true story of Christianity’s against-all-odds triumph in the face of fierce Roman hostility and persecution. He does this by exploring the lives and the ideas of the early Christian writers, pastors, and martyrs, men so important to the spread of Christianity that history remembers them as “the Fathers of the Church”.

This rich and engrossing survey of the early Church includes those churchmen who immediately succeeded the Apostles, the “Apostolic Fathers”: Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, Justin Martyr, and Irenaeus of Lyon. Benedict also discusses such great Christian figures as Tertullian, Origen, Cyprian of Carthage, the Cappadocian Fathers, as well as the giants John Chrysostom, Jerome, and Augustine. This book is a wonderful way to get to know the Church Fathers and the tremendous spiritually rich patrimony they have bequeathed to us.





 



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9781586172459
130
More Ignatius Press Gifts (About Ignatius Press)
2008

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St. Augustine of Hippo

St. Augustine of Hippo Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 08/28
Tridentine Calendar - 08/28


Patron Of: Theologians, Eyes, Brewers, Printers

Also Known As
    Aurelius Augustinus
    Doctor of Grace

Memorial
    28 August

Profile
    His father was a pagan who converted on his death bed; his mother was Saint Monica, a devout Christian. Trained in Christianity, he lost his faith in youth and led a wild life. Lived with a Carthaginian woman from the age of 15 through 30. Fathered a son whom he named Adeotadus, which means the gift of God. Taught rhetoric at Carthage and Milan. After investigating and experimenting with several philosophies, he became a Manichaean for several years; it taught of a great struggle between good and evil, and featured a lax moral code. A summation of his thinking at the time comes from his Confessions: "God, give me chastity and continence - but not just now."

    Augustine finally broke with the Manichaeans and was converted by the prayers of his mother and the help of Saint Ambrose of Milan, who baptized him. On the death of his mother he returned to Africa, sold his property, gave the proceeds to the poor, and founded a monastery. Monk. Priest. Preacher. Bishop of Hippo in 396. Founded religious communities. Fought Manichaeism, Donatism, Pelagianism and other heresies. Oversaw his church and his see during the fall of the Roman Empire to the Vandals. Doctor of the Church. His later thinking can also be summed up in a line from his writings:

        Our hearts were made for You, O Lord, and they are restless until they rest in you.

Born
    13 November 354 at Tagaste, Numidia, North Africa (Souk-Ahras, Algeria) as Aurelius Augustinus

Died
    28 August 430 at Hippo

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation

Patronage
    brewers
    Bridgeport, Connecticut, diocese of
    Cagayan de Oro, Philippines
    Ida, Philippines, diocese of
    Isleta Indian Pueblo
    Kalamazoo Michigan, diocese of
    printers
    Saint Augustine, Florida, city of
    Saint Augustine, Florida, diocese of
    sore eyes
    Superior, Wisconsin, diocese of
    theologians
    Tucson, Arizona, diocese of
    Valletta, Malta



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Clement I

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 11/23


Patron Of: Mariners, Sailors, Boatmen, Watermen, Stonecutters, Dundee, Scotland, Marble Workers, Velletri, Italy, Sick Children

Also known as
    Clement of Rome

Memorial
    23 November

Profile
    Fourth Pope. Apostolic Father. The Basilica of Saint Clement in Rome, one of the earliest parish churches in the city, is probably built on the site of Clement's home. Author of the "Epistle to the Corinthians". His name occurs in the Canon of the Mass. Origen and Saint Jerome identify him as working with Saint Paul the Apostle.

Born
    Rome, Italy

Papal Ascension
    c.88

Died
    martyred in 101 during the persecution of Trajan

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation

Patronage
    boatmen
    Dundee, Scotland
    marble workers
    mariners
    sailors
    sick children
    stonecutters
    Velletri, Italy
    watermen



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Cyprian of Carthage

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 09/16


Patron Of: Algeria, North Africa

Also known as
    Thaschus Caecilius Cyprianus

Memorial
    16 September in Western Church
    31 August in Eastern Church
    26 September in the Anglican Church

Profile
    Born to wealthy pagan parents. Taught rhetoric and literature. Adult convert in 246. Ordained in 247. Bishop of Carthage in 249. During the persecution of Decius, beginning in 250, Cyprian lived in hiding, covertly ministering to his flock; his enemies condemned him for being a coward and not standing up for his faith. Writer second only in importance to Tertullian as a Latin Father of the Church. Exiled during the persecutions of Valerian. Friend of Saint Pontius. Involved in the great argument over whether apostates should be readmitted to the Church; Cyprian believed they should, but under stringent conditions. Supported Pope Saint Cornelius against the anti-pope Novatian. In the persecutions of Valerian, he was exiled to Curubis in 257, then brought back Carthage and martyred in 258. His name is in the Communicantes in the Canon of the Mass.

Born
    190 in Carthage, North Africa

Died
    beheaded 14 September 258 in Carthage, North Africa

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation

Patronage
    Algeria
    North Africa



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Ignatius of Antioch

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 10/17


Patron Of: Against Throat Diseases, Church in Eastern Mediterranean, Church in North Africa

Also known as
    God-Bearer
    Theophoros

Memorial
    17 October
    formerly 1 February

Profile
    Convert from paganism to Christianity. Succeeded Peter as bishop of Antioch, Syria. Served during persecution of Domitian. During the persecution of Trajan, he was ordered taken to Rome to be killed by wild animals. On the way, a journey which took months, he wrote a series of encouraging letters to the churches under his care. First writer to use the term the Catholic Church. Apostolic Father. Martyr. His name occurs in the "Nobis quoque peccatoribus" in the Canon of the Mass. Legend says he was the infant that Jesus took into his arms in Mark 9.

Born
    c.50 in Syria

Died
    thrown to wild animals c.107 at Rome; relics at Saint Peter's, Rome

Patronage
    against throat diseases
    Church in eastern Mediterranean
    Church in North Africa



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Irenaeus of Lyons

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 06/28


Patron Of: Archdiocese of Mobile, Alabama

Memorial
    28 June (Western Church)
    23 August (Eastern Church)

Profile
    Disciple of Saint Polycarp of Smyrna. Priest in 177. Bishop of Lyons. Worked and wrote against Gnosticism, basing his arguments on the works of Saint John, whose Gospel is often cited by Gnostics. Considered the first great Western ecclesiastical writer, he emphasized the unity of the Old and New Testaments, and of Christ's simultaneous human and divine nature. Father of the Church. Martyr.

Born
    c.130 in Asia Minor

Died
    martyred in 202 in Lyons, France
    tomb and relics were destroyed by Calvinists in 1562
    head in Saint John's church, Lyons, France

Name Meaning
    lover of peace; peaceful (greek)

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation

Patronage
    Mobile, Alabama, archdiocese of



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Jerome

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 09/30


Patron Of: Archeologists, Archivists, Libraries, Librarians

Also Known As
    Eusebius Hieronymus Sophronius
    Girolamo
    Hieronymus
    Man of the Bible
Memorial
    30 September
Profile
    Born to a rich pagan family, he led a misspent youth. Studied in Rome. Lawyer. Converted in theory, and baptised in 365, he began his study of theology, and had a true conversion. Monk. Lived for years as a hermit in the Syrian deserts. Reported to have drawn a thorn from a lion's paw; the animal stayed loyally at his side for years. Priest. Student of Saint Gregory of Nazianzen. Secretary to Pope Damasus I who commissioned him to revise the Latin text of the Bible. The result of his 30 years of work was the Vulgate translation, which is still in use. Friend and teacher of Saint Paula, Saint Marcella, and Saint Eustochium, an association that led to so much gossip, Jerome left Rome to return to the desert solitude. Lived his last 34 years in the Holy Land as a semi-recluse. Wrote translations of Origen, histories, biographies, and much more. Doctor of the Church, Father of the Church. Since his own time, he has been associated in the popular mind with scrolls, writing, cataloging, translating, etc. This led to those who work in such fields taking him as their patron - a man who knew their lives and problems.
Born
    347 at Strido, Dalmatia
Died
    419; relics at the Basilica of Saint Mary Major in Rome, Italy



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. John Chrysostom

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 09/13


Patron Of: Lecturers, Orators, Preachers, Against Epilepsy, Constantinople, Istanbul, Speakers

Also known as
    Greatest of the Greek Fathers
    Golden-Mouth
    Giovanni Crisostomo

Profile
    John's father died when he was young, and he was raised by a very pius mother. Well educated; studied rhetoric under Libanius, one of the most famous orators of his day. Monk. Preacher and priest for a dozen years in Syria. While there he developed a stomach ailment that troubled him the rest of his life.

    It was for his sermons that John earned the title "Chrysostom" (golden mouthed). They were always on point, they explained the Scriptures with clarity, and they sometimes went on for hours. Made a reluctant bishop of Constantinople in 398, a move that involved him in imperial politics. Criticized the rich for not sharing their wealth, fought to reform the clergy, prevented the sale of ecclesiastical offices, called for fidelity in marriage, encouraged practices of justice and charity.

    Archbishop and Patriarch of Constantinople. Revised the Greek Liturgy. Greek Father of the Church. Proclaimed Doctor of the Church in 451.

    John's sermons caused nobles and bishops to work to remove him from his diocese; twice exiled from his diocese. Banished to Pythius, and died on the way.

Born
    c.347 at Antioch, Asia Minor

Died
    407



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Justin Martyr

St. Justin Martyr Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 06/01
Tridentine Calendar - 05/14


Patron Of: Philosophers, Apologists, Lecturers, Orators, Public Speakers

Also known as
    Justin; Justin the Philosopher

Profile
    Pagan philosopher who converted at age 30 by reading the Scriptures and witnessing the heroism and faith of martyrs. Used his philosophical skills to dispute with pagans and explain the faith, becoming one of the first great Christian apologists. Opened a school of public debate in Rome. Martyr.

Born
    c.100 at Nablus, Palestine

Died
    beheaded in 165 at Rome, Italy; relics in the Capuchin church, Rome

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation


All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

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