2009 Year of the Priest >  Year of the Priest Books >  Celibacy In The Early Church





Celibacy In The Early Church - The Beginnings of Obligatory Continence for Clerics in East and West

Item Number: 2077

Catalog Code: CEC-P

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Celibacy In The Early Church

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Stefan Heid

Heid presents a penetrating and wide-ranging study of the historical data from the early Church on the topics of celibacy and clerical continence. He gives a brief review of recent literature, and then begins his study with the New Testament and follows it all the way to Justinian and the Council in Trullo in 690 it the East and the fifth century popes in the West. He thoroughly examines the writings of the Bible, the early church councils, saints and theologians like Jerome, Augustine, Clement, Tertullian, John Chrystostom, Cyril and Gregory Nazianzen. He has gathered formidable data with conclusive arguments regarding obligatory continence in the early Church.

"Stefan Heid shows with strong, conclusive arguments that clerical continence was a requirement for bishops, priests and deacons from apostolic times. His arguments for a celibate clergy are convincing and irrefutable."
—Fr. Kenneth Baker, S.J., Editor, Homiletic and Pastoral Review



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0-89870800-1
9780898708004
375
8 3/4"  (22.2 cm) x 6"  (15.2 cm) x 1"  (2.54 cm)
More Ignatius Press Gifts (About Ignatius Press)
2001

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St. Augustine of Hippo

St. Augustine of Hippo Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 08/28
Tridentine Calendar - 08/28


Patron Of: Theologians, Eyes, Brewers, Printers

Also Known As
    Aurelius Augustinus
    Doctor of Grace

Memorial
    28 August

Profile
    His father was a pagan who converted on his death bed; his mother was Saint Monica, a devout Christian. Trained in Christianity, he lost his faith in youth and led a wild life. Lived with a Carthaginian woman from the age of 15 through 30. Fathered a son whom he named Adeotadus, which means the gift of God. Taught rhetoric at Carthage and Milan. After investigating and experimenting with several philosophies, he became a Manichaean for several years; it taught of a great struggle between good and evil, and featured a lax moral code. A summation of his thinking at the time comes from his Confessions: "God, give me chastity and continence - but not just now."

    Augustine finally broke with the Manichaeans and was converted by the prayers of his mother and the help of Saint Ambrose of Milan, who baptized him. On the death of his mother he returned to Africa, sold his property, gave the proceeds to the poor, and founded a monastery. Monk. Priest. Preacher. Bishop of Hippo in 396. Founded religious communities. Fought Manichaeism, Donatism, Pelagianism and other heresies. Oversaw his church and his see during the fall of the Roman Empire to the Vandals. Doctor of the Church. His later thinking can also be summed up in a line from his writings:

        Our hearts were made for You, O Lord, and they are restless until they rest in you.

Born
    13 November 354 at Tagaste, Numidia, North Africa (Souk-Ahras, Algeria) as Aurelius Augustinus

Died
    28 August 430 at Hippo

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation

Patronage
    brewers
    Bridgeport, Connecticut, diocese of
    Cagayan de Oro, Philippines
    Ida, Philippines, diocese of
    Isleta Indian Pueblo
    Kalamazoo Michigan, diocese of
    printers
    Saint Augustine, Florida, city of
    Saint Augustine, Florida, diocese of
    sore eyes
    Superior, Wisconsin, diocese of
    theologians
    Tucson, Arizona, diocese of
    Valletta, Malta



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Cyril

Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 02/14


Patron Of: Bohemia, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Ecumenism, Europe

Also known as
    Apostle of the Slavs
    Apostle of the Southern Slavs
    Constantin
    Constantine the Philospher
    Constantine
    Cyril the Philosopher

Memorial
    14 February
    formerly 7 July
    formerly 9 March

Profile
    Brother of Saint Methodius. Greek nobility; his family was connected with the senate of Thessalonica, and his mother Maria may have been Slavic. Studied at the University of Constantinople, and taught philosophy there. Deacon. Priest. Librarian at the church of Santa Sophia. Monk, taking the name Cyril. Sent with Methodius by the emperor in 861 to convert the Jewish Khazars of Russia, a mission that was successful, and which allowed him to learn the Khazar's language. In 863, sent with Methodius to convert Moravians in their native tongue. Though some western clergy opposed their efforts and refused to ordain their candidates for the priesthood, they did good work. Developed an alphabet for the Slavonic language that eventually became what is known as the Cyrillic today. After initial criticism for their use of it, they achieved approval of the Liturgy in the Slavonic language. May have been bishop, but may have died before the consecration ceremony.

Born
    827 at Thessalonica, Greece as Constantin

Died
    14 February 869 at Rome, Italy of natural causes

Patronage
    Bohemia
    Bulgaria
    Czech Republic
    Czechoslovakia
    ecumenism
    Europe
    Moravia
    unity of the Eastern and Western Churches
    Yugoslavia



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

   

St. Gregory Nazianzen

St. Gregory Nazianzen Feast Day:
Roman Rite Calendar - 01/02


Also known as
    Gregory of Nazianzus
    the Christian Demosthenes
    the Theologian

Profile
    Son of Saint Gregory of Nazianzen the Elder and Saint Nonna. Brother of Saint Caesar Nazianzen, and Saint Gorgonius. Spent an itinerent youth in search of learning. Friend of and fellow student with Saint Basil the Great. Monk at Basil's desert monastery.

    Reluctant priest, feeling himself unworthy, and fearing that the responsibility would test his faith. Assisted his bishop father to prevent an Arian schism in the diocese. He opposed Arianism, and brought its heretical followers back to the fold. Bishop of Caesarea c.370, which put him in conflict with the Arian emperor Valens. The disputes led his friend Basil the Great, then archbishop, to reassign him to a small, out of the way posting at the edge of the archbishopric.

    Bishop of Constantinople 381-390 following the death of Valens. He hated the city, despised the violence and slander involved in these disputes, and feared being drawn into politics and corruption, but he worked to bring the Arians back to the faith; for his trouble he was slandered, insulted, beaten up, and a rival "bishop" tried to take over his diocese. Noted preacher on the Trinity. When it seemed that the faith had been restored in the city, Gregory retired to live the rest of his days as a hermit. Wrote theological discourses and poetry, some of it religious, some of it autobiographical. Father of the Church. Doctor of the Church.

Born
    330 at Arianzus, Cappadocia, Asia Minor

Died
    25 January 390

Canonized
    Pre-Congregation
 



All information used with permission of the Patron Saint Index.

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